Fertility treatment requires tests both for men and women and is professionally done. Fertility treatment in India is carried out in this manner so that childless couples are more or less sure of the outcome of having a baby.
Fertility tests are carried out to ensure proper treatment of this health issue both in men and women. Fertility treatment requires tests.
Tests for men
- Semen analysis – Semen is usually obtained by masturbating or by interrupting intercourse and also trying to ejaculate the semen into a clean container. A lab analysis of one’s semen specimen is carried out.
- Hormone testing – A person may have a blood test to determine one’s level of testosterone and other male hormones.
- Genetic testing – Genetic testing can be done to determine whether there happens to be a genetic defect thus causing infertility.
- Testicular biopsy – In specific cases, a testicular biopsy can be rather performed to identify abnormalities contributing to infertility or to retrieve sperm for assisted reproductive techniques, like IVF.
- Imaging – In certain situations, imaging studies like a brain MRI, transrectal or scrotal ultrasound, or a test of the vas deferens (vasography) can indeed be performed.
- Other specialty testing – In rare cases, other tests to evaluate the quality of the sperm can be performed, such as evaluating a semen specimen for DNA abnormalities.
Tests for women
- Ovulation testing – A blood test measures hormone levels to determine whether a person is ovulating.
- Hysterosalpingography – Hysterosalpingography (his-tur-o-sal-ping-GOG-ruh-fee) does evaluate the condition of one’s uterus and also fallopian tubes and looks for blockages or other problems.
- Ovarian reserve testing – This testing does help determine the quantity of eggs available for ovulation. This approach often begins with hormone testing early in one’s menstrual cycle.
- Other hormone testing – Other hormone tests are meant to check levels of ovulatory hormones, as well as pituitary hormones that control reproductive processes.
- Imaging tests – Pelvic ultrasound does appear for uterine or ovarian disease. Sometimes a sonohysterogram, also known as a saline infusion sonogram, is made used to see details inside the uterus that are not seen on a regular ultrasound.
- Hysteroscopy – Depending on one’s symptoms, the doctor may request a hysteroscopy to look for uterine disease. During the procedure, the doctor tends to insert a thin, lighted device via one’s cervix into the uterus to be able to see any potential abnormalities.
- Laparoscopy –This minimally invasive surgery involves making a small incision beneath the navel and then inserting a thin viewing device to examine one’s fallopian tubes, ovaries, and also the uterus.
Treatment for women
Few women need only one or two therapies to improve fertility. Other women may require several different types of treatment to achieve pregnancy.
- Imulating ovulation with fertility drugs – Fertility drugs happen to be the main treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – During IUI, healthy sperm are rather placed directly in the woman’s uterus around the time the ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized.
- Surgery to restore fertility – Uterine problems like endometrial polyps, a uterine septum, intrauterine scar tissue, and a few fibroids can be treated with hysteroscopic surgery.
- Assisted reproductive technology (ART) – is considered to be a fertility treatment in which the egg and sperm are handled. There is Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A single healthy sperm is no doubt injected directly into a mature egg.
- Assisted hatching – This technique does assist in the implantation of the embryo into the lining of the woman’s uterus by opening the outer covering of the embryo (hatching).
- Donor eggs or sperm – Most ART is carried out by using a couple’s eggs and sperm or an anonymous donor is approached.
- Gestational carrier – Women who do not have a functional uterus or for whom pregnancy does pose a serious health risk might choose IVF thus using a gestational carrier.
Coping with infertility can be extremely difficult because there are so many unknowns.